The Education Service Commission is established by article 167 91) of the 1995 Constitution of the Republic of Uganda and article 168 (1) sets out its functions, authority and autonomy in implementing its mandate.
The vision of Education Service Commission is to see "quality education delivered by efficient and effective education service personnel"
The mandate of Education Service Commission is to : advise the president in performing his / her functions in relation to Article 172 of the Constitution and on appointing all personnel in the education service and charged in developing, maintaining and improving the quality of those personnel and that of the service generally.
The mission statement of the Education Service Commission is "to provide an efficient, professional, accountable, transparent and motivated education service"
The Commission is responsible for approximately 70% of the public service of Uganda. These include the staff of the Ministry of Education and Sports Headquarters and all staff (teaching and non teaching staff) of post primary and Tertiary institutions except national universities.